Top 22 Dog Breeds at Risk for Ear Infections
If your dog is a swimmer, you can almost guarantee he’s had an ear infection. Yeast infections in a dog’s ears are often caused by allergies or when water is in there for too long. Its important to clean and dry your dog’s ears regularly.
Below is a list of different breeds that could be more prone to an ear infection than other breeds. However, any dog can contract a yeast ear infection so be aware of the signs: itching constantly, terrible smell and/or shaking of their head a lot.
- Basset Hound – Basset Hounds have large pendulous ears (known as “leathers”) that do not allow air to circulate inside them, unlike other breeds with erect or more open ears. Their ears must be cleaned inside and out frequently to avoid infections and ear mites.
- Beagles – The Beagle is a breed of small hound that is similar in appearance to the much larger foxhound. Their long floppy ears can mean that the inner ear does not receive a substantial air flow or that moist air becomes trapped, and this can lead to ear infections.
- Bloodhounds – The Bloodhound is a large scent hound, originally bred for hunting deer, wild boar and, since the Middle Ages, for tracking people. The breed also suffers an unusually high incidence of eye, skin, and ear ailments; thus these areas should be inspected frequently for signs of developing problems.
- Afghan Hounds – The Afghan Hound is a hound that is distinguished by its thick, fine, silky coat and its tail with a ring curl at the end. The spectacular beauty of Afghan Hound dogs caused them to become highly desirable showdogs and pets, and they are recognized by all of the major kennel clubs in the English-speaking world.
- Fox Hound – A Foxhound is a type of large hunting hound bred for strong hunting instincts, great energy, and, like all scent hounds, a keen sense of smell. In fox hunting, the foxhound’s namesake, packs of foxhounds track quarry, followed—usually on horseback—by the hunters.
- Coonhounds – The Coonhound, colloquially the coon dog, is a type of scent hound, a member of the hound group. They are an American type of hunting dog developed for the game animals and working conditions found in the United States, specifically raccoon hunting
- Dachshunds – also known as the sausage dog or wiener dog is a short-legged, long-bodied, hound-type dog breed. The standard-size dachshund was developed to scent, chase, and flush out badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals, while the miniature dachshund was bred to hunt smaller prey such as rabbits. Hairy-Eared Breeds:
- Poodles – Ranked second most intelligent dog breed just behind the Border Collie, the poodle is skillful in many dog sports and activities, including agility, obedience, tracking to herding, circus performers and assistance dogs.
- Shih Tzus – The Shih Tzu is a sturdy little dog with a short muzzle and large dark eyes. They have a soft and long double coat. Although sometimes long, a Shih Tzu will not always have extremely lengthy hair like the Pekingese.
- Schnauzers – The Giant Schnauzer and the Miniature Schnauzer were developed from the Standard Schnauzer and are the result of outcrosses with other breeds exhibiting the desirable characteristics needed for the Schnauzer’s original purpose.
- Maltese – This breed has been known by a variety of names throughout the centuries. It has also been known in English as the “Maltese Terrier”, the “ancient dog of Malta,” the “Roman Ladies’ Dog,” the “Maltese Sleeve Dog,” and “Melita” (the former name of Malta).
- Bichon Frises – If a Bichon’s coat gets severely matted, they may develop a haematoma, most likely in the ears. Bichon Frise are more prone than average to ear infections. As Bichon Frises are white dogs, frequent bathing is required to maintain the color.
- Lhasa Apsos – The Lhasa Apso is a non-sporting dog breed originating in Tibet. It was bred as an interior sentinel in the Buddhist monasteries, to alert the monks to any intruders who entered. Spaniels:
- Springer Spaniels – As with most spaniels and floppy eared dogs, they are prone to ear infections. There are several types of common infections, and treatment typically includes oral antibiotics and cleaning the ear canal daily with a solvent that will also leave the ear in an acidic state to slow the growth of yeast and bacteria.
- Cocker Spaniels – Cocker Spaniels and other dogs that have long, pendulous ears are more predisposed to ear problems than some other breeds. The fold of the ear can prevent air from entering, and it also creates a warm, moist environment where organisms can grow.
- Cavalier King Charles Spaniel – Primary Secretory Otitis Media (PSOM), also known as glue ear, consists of a highly viscous mucus plug which fills the dog’s middle ear and may cause the tympanic membrane to bulge. PSOM has been reported almost exclusively in Cavaliers, and it may affect over half of them. Retrievers:
- Labrador Retrievers – A favorite disability assistance breed in many countries, Labradors are frequently trained to aid the blind, those who have autism, to act as a therapy dog, or to perform screening and detection work for law enforcement and other official agencies. Additionally, they are prized as sporting and hunting dogs.
- Golden Retrievers – The Golden Retriever is a large-sized gun dog that retrieve shot waterfowl, such as ducks and upland game birds, during hunting and shooting parties. They were named ‘retriever’ because of their ability to retrieve shot game undamaged due to their soft mouth.
- Chesapeake Bay Retrievers – Historically used by area market hunters to retrieve waterfowl, pull fishing nets, and rescue fishermen, it is primarily a family pet and hunting companion. They are often known for their love of water and their ability to hunt.
- Portuguese Water Dogs – The closest relatives of the PWD are widely thought to be the Standard Poodle. Like Poodles and several other water dog breeds, PWDs are intelligent, can have curly coats, have webbed toes for swimming, and do not shed. Setters:
- Irish Setters – Irish Setters are an active breed, and require long, daily walks and off-lead running in wide, open spaces. They are, however, a breed with a tendency to ‘play deaf,’ so careful training on mastering the recall should be undertaken before allowing them off-lead.
- English Setters – A gentle but at times strong-willed, mischievous gun dog, bred for a mix of endurance and athleticism, it is used to hunt for game such as quail, pheasant and grouse.